Goodrich C. White Professor
Office: E511 Math and Science Center
- B.Sc., Hebrew University, Jerusalem, Israel
- Ph.D. Degree, University of California, Santa Barbara
- M.P.H., University of Michigan, Ann Arbor
My research and teaching programs center around the eco-epidemiology of infectious diseases, with an emphasis on tropical and emerging diseases and environmental risk factors. In our global health research we emphasize anthropogenic changes, including issues of climate, urbanization, agricultural practices and conservation.
For diseases such as Dengue, Malaria, Schistosomiasis, West Nile virus in Atlanta and in Chicago, and Chagas disease, our group studies the transmission dynamics and ecology of the insect vectors and the mammalian and avian reservoir hosts, incorporating a strong field component (trapping vertebrates, collecting insects, identifying environmental features), spatial analysis, and laboratory work.
In our lab, we apply tools such as geographic information systems (GIS) and remote sensing to gather and manage environmental data that can explain the spatial distribution of disease and vectors, and assess risk of transmission. Following quantitative spatial analysis, maps and models can then be produced to target further research efforts, as well as in support of surveillance and control efforts by public health agencies.
Current research efforts funded by NIH, NSF and CDC include large-scale collaborative international studies of malaria and schistosomiasis in Kenya, Chagas disease in Argentina and dengue in Brazil, Peru and Australia, and of West Nile virus and eco-epidemiology of disease emergence in urban areas in the U.S.
Teaching interests include Epidemiology of Infectious Diseases, Spatial Epidemiology and Ecological Parasitology. Training of a diverse group of undergraduates, graduate students, and post-doctoral researchers in the U.S. and globally is a major theme of all of our research projects. As part of our training program we also conduct GIS workshops for researchers, public health practitioners and students. Interest in application and communication of scientific information is manifested in our collaborations with Local, State, National and International Public Health Agencies.
Selected Recent Publications
2015 Guagliardo SA, Morrison AC, Barboza JL, Requena E, Astete H, Vazquez-Prokopec GM, Kitron U. River boats contribute to the regional spread of the dengue vector Aedes aegypti in the Peruvian Amazon. PLoS NTD. 9(4): e0003648. doi: 10.1371. PMID:25860352
2015 Bisanzio D, McMillan JR, Barreto JG, Blitvich BJ, Mead DG, O’Connor J, Kitron U. Evidence for West Nile virus spillover into the squirrel population in Atlanta, USA. Vector-Borne and Zoonotic Diseases 15:303-10. PMID: 25988439
2015 Bisanzio D, Mutuku F, Mungai PL, Muinde J, Busaidy H, Mukoko D, King CH, Kitron U. Use of prospective hospital surveillance data to define spatiotemporal heterogeneity of malaria risk in coastal Kenya. Malaria Journal 14:482. PMID: 26625721.
2016 Lesser J. Kitron U. The Social Geography of Zika in Brazil. NACLA Report on the Americas 48: 123-129.
2016 Paploski IAD1, Prates APPB, Cardoso CW, Kikuti M, Silva MMO, Waller LA, Reis MG, Kitron U, Ribeiro GS. Time Lags between Exanthematous Illness Attributed to Zika Virus, Guillain-Barré Syndrome, and Microcephaly, Salvador, Brazil. Emerging Infectious Diseases. http://dx.doi.org/10.3201/eid2208.160496
2016 Levine R, Mead D, Hamer G, Brosi B, Hedeen D, Hedeen M, McMillan JR, Bisanzio D, Kitron U, Supersuppression: Reservoir Competency and Timing of Mosquito Host Shifts Combine to Reduce Spillover of West Nile Virus. Am J Trop Med Hyg 95: 1174 – 1184
2017 Cardoso CW, Kikuti M, Prates APB, Paploski IAD, Tauro LB, Silva MMO, Santanta P, Rego MFS, Reis MG, Kitron U, Ribeiro GS. Unrecognized emergence of chikungunya virus during a Zika virus outbreak in Salvador, Brazil. PLoS NTD https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pntd.0005334.